Linolenic acid is one of the two esential fatty acids that must be supplies in the diet. Linolenic acid is a type of omega-3 fatty acid. There are three kinds of omega-3 fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and alpha-linolenic acid.
Arthritis: GLA and other omega-3 fatty acids ease some of the symptoms of arthritis by altering the production of prostaglandins that block inflammation. Morning stiffness and joint tenderness associated with rheumatoid arthritis might be relieved by fish oil supplements.
Behavior: Low levels of the omega-3 fatty acids in children are associated with more temper tantrums, sleep problems, and behavioral problems. In addition, boys with low omega-3 levels might be more likely to develop learning and health problems.
Cancer: People who consume serveral servings weekly of fish or who take fish oil capsules might have lower risks of colon or breast cancers.
Heart Disease: Omega-3 fatty acids, especially EPA and DHA, reduce the risk of heart attack by lowering blood fat levels, preventing blood clots, and reducing blood pressure.
Mental Health: Older individuals who consume several servings weekly of fish throughout their lives might be at lower risk of developing memory loss. Depressed individuals have lower levels of omega-3 fatty acids; however, it is not clear whether this is a cause or a result of their depression. Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHA) appear to have lower than normal levels of omega-3 fatty acids in their bodies.